This firm has built components for a fusion reactor in France. DeMaCo in North Holland has decades of experience in cryogenic applications. Therefore DeMaCo was contracted to build cooling parts for the ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) project. After ignition of the fusion plasma, light components form. These have to be pumped out of the reactor, which is done by a crygenic pump. This pump functions at very low temperatures, and the light components will condensate on the cold surfaces of the pump. The pump closes after condensation and is heated to evaporate the components which are then exhausted.
About fusion energy
The ITER project will yield a fusion reactor that can demonstrate its application. Both scientifically and technologically it is hoped that this reactor can produce energy out of the fusion process. This reactor will then serve as a prototype to develop a fusion reactor on a commercial basis, and contribute to the production of sustainable energy in the future.
Simulation of liquid Helium flow
Several components that have been simulated are depicted in the figures above. Liquid helium flows through these at very low temperatures. Computational fluid dynamics simulations were done for all these components to assess the pressure loss per component. The total pressure loss for the system could be calculated by adding up all components. Furthermore, the heating of the fluid per component was simulated. The pictures display the temperature of the helium over time. Here, a total energy loss could be calculated as well.